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If you close down your business in the Netherlands, you need to adhere to the rules set by the government. You can use this guide to quickly determine your obligations. This guide is not meant for businesspeople who change their legal form, businesspeople who sell or transfer their business or businesspeople whose business goes bankrupt. In this respect, different rules apply.
This guide serves merely as a guideline. You may need to fulfil other obligations as well. Several steps can be carried out at the same time.
Please note: Also remember to cancel permits, telephone numbers and subscriptions and to terminate running contracts, for example, for office space.
1. Check whether you are eligible for benefits
If you are a self-employed professional and wish to cease trading, you may receive financial support from your municipality based on the Self-Employed Persons (Provision of Assistance) Decree (Besluit bijstandverlening zelfstandigen, Bbz) or the Older and Partially Disabled (Formerly Self-Employed) Persons Income Support (Inkomensvoorziening oudere en gedeeltelijk arbeidsongeschikte zelfstandigen, IOAZ). One of the conditions is that you are still being registered in the Trade Register.
2. Deregister from the Dutch Business Register
You must deregister from the Dutch Business Register. You can send the deregistration form to the Dutch Chamber of Commerce (KVK) or hand it in personally.
3. Check your deregistration from the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration and settle matters fiscally
KVK will pass on your notification of deregistration to the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration. You therefore do not have to deregister separately from their registers. It may be possible that you have to draw up a final balance sheet and settle with the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration fiscally.
4. Check whether you are eligible for business discontinuation relief
If you discontinue your business, you may be eligible for discontinuation relief (stakingsaftrek). If you use this facility, you will pay less tax on profits on suspension of business.
5. Keep your business' administration
After your business has been closed down, you must keep your administration for at least another 7 years. You may save your paper administration digitally.
6. Dismiss your staff
If you employ staff, you must terminate their employment contracts. You require a dismissal permit from the Employee Insurance Agency (UWV). You must notify the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration about dismissing your employees.
7. Cancel your business insurances
If your business ceases trading, you must also remember to cancel your business insurances.
8. Discontinue using the domain name of your website
Contact your domain name registrar to discontinue a domain name use. The registrar will pass on the change to the Foundation for Internet Domain Registration in the Netherlands (SIDN).