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Government information for entrepreneurs

Applying for a GMO permit

This information is provided by

Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO

If you work with genetically modified organisms (GMO) in the Netherlands, of you want to market a GMO, you need a GMO permit (GGO-vergunning). You can obtain a permitExternal link (in Dutch) from the Bureau for Genetically Modified Organisms (Bureau GGO).

Which GMO permit do you need?

There are 3 different permits for GMOs:

  • Contained useExternal link (IG, in Dutch) for experiments in contained spaces, such as laboratories, animal shelters or a greenhouse.
  • Introduction into the environmentExternal link (IM, in Dutch) for the introduction into the environment for activities outside of a classified space, such as in gene therapy or field work.
  • Market applicationsExternal link (MA, in Dutch) for cultivation, production, import and export for cultivation, production, import and export of new modified products. For instance, commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops, or the import of genetically modified crops for use in animal feed or foodstuffs.

This information is provided by

Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO