From 26 May 2020, new and stricter regulations (MDR) apply in the EU for medical devices such as bandages, artificial hips and pacemakers. From 26 May 2022, stricter regulations also apply for in vitro diagnostics (IVDR) like lab tests and pregnancy tests. This new legislation does not only apply to hospitals; it also has consequences for you if you are a care professional, for instance a general practitioner, a dentist, a physical therapist, or a beautician. Be sure to prepare well.
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Medical devices or medicines may be in shorter supply
Because of the stricter regulations, medical devices or in vitro diagnostics may not be readily available after the transition. If you purchase medical devices or use them, you would do well to start talks with your suppliers in time to find out if the availability of the products you need will be affected, or even stopped; for instance because the manufacturer has to start using different materials for the production of their medical device or medicine.
Different rules for homemade medical devices
If you produce medical devices in your care facility, the rules that apply to you are less strict than those for regular manufacturers. You will have to meet the new conditions for medical devices produced and used in care institutions. You will find these conditions in article 5 of the MDR and IVDR. For example: you have to draw up a declaration that there is no equivalent alternative on the market. If you fail to meet these conditions, the stricter rules for manufacturers will apply to you.
Inform your patients if there is a problem
All medical devices will carry a unique device identifier (UDI). When a patient uses a medical device with this unique barcode, it is immediately clear to everyone which one it is. You must keep a register of all UDIs issued for high-risk implants. That way, you can easily track a patient who uses a certain type of implant.
New implant rules
Under the new regulations, you have to provide more implant data to the National Implant Register. The overview of implants that have to be registered in the LIR until 25 May 2020 (the inclusion list) will be extended to all implantable devices (class III implants), with a few exceptions.
Give your patients the implant card
All implants come with an implant card, issued by the manufacturer. You must give this implant card to your patient. Put the patient’s data on the card first. Other information on the implant card is:
- the implant data, including the UDI;
- the manufacturer’s data.
National Implant Register (LIR)
The National Implant Register Act states that you have to provide data on certain implants in a client’s medical file. You provide these data to the LIR, see this factsheet (in Dutch). Agreements on providing the implant card and quick access to the information are still under construction.
Gather information in the EUDAMED databank
EUDAMED is the European database for information on medical devices and manufacturers. You will have access to the same public parts of EUDAMED as patients. This might prove helpful if you are trying to gather information on medical devices in the purchasing process. EUDAMED has not been released yet. It is expected to come into service in May 2022.
Tell manufacturers about your experiences
As care provider or institute, you have to inform manufacturers of your experiences with medical devices. They in turn have to conduct post-market surveillance. Manufacturers and care institutes are currently reviewing ways to exchange this information more easily.
Other consequences of the new medical devices regulation
The new MDR and IVDR have more consequences for you:
- the prerequisites for care institutes producing medical devices will change
- the demands for clinical research will become stricter
- new rules will come into effect for re-processing single-use medical devices and cosmetic devices.