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Some situations at work may cause severe physical or psychological problems to your employees. This is called physical or psychosocial stress. They may experience health issues, such as upper limb problems, back pain and neck ache, from overuse or improper use of computer screens. Eye strain and several other afflictions regarding arms, shoulders, back and hands (repetitive strain injury, RSI) may also occur. Extra care must be taken with:
- computer work (screen work, sitting time)
- (heavy) lifting, pushing, pulling
- repetitive movements
- working in awkward postures
- aggression and violence
- sexual intimidation
- too high or too low work pressure
Preventing physical strain
Employers in the Netherlands must prevent their employees from having excessive physical activity or strain. They can determine the risk of arm, neck or shoulder injuries using TNO’s Hand Arm Risk-assessment Method. They can then take the measures required, such as the application of appropriate working methods and use of ergonomically designed workstations. They must also provide their employees with information and instructions about how they can work in a safe and healthy manner.
Preventing psychosocial strain
As employer you must prevent as much as possible that your employees experience psychosocial strain. You must examine what the causes are and what can be done against them. In the risk inventory and evaluation (RI&E) you describe the risks for your employees. You include the measures to prevent or reduce psychosocial stress in the Plan of Action of the RI&E. In addition, you must inform your employees about the risks involved and the measures that you have taken.
Aggression and violence against employees
You are obliged to protect your employees against aggression and violence in the workplace. Acts of aggression can be physical or verbal and can be committed by colleagues, customers or patients. As an employer you must take measures to prevent this from happening. You must also arrange for shelter, support and aftercare. You can evaluate your anti-aggression and anti-violence initiative using the (Dutch-language) self-assessment system (Zelfinspectie Aanpak Agressie en Geweld). The results of this assessment can help you to make improvements where necessary.
Inspecting employees for alcohol and drugs use
If you suspect an employee consumes alcohol or uses drugs before or during work, you can offer them an alcohol or drugs test. You may only do so if you have an alcohol policy which is accepted by your works council and which is known to your employees. They also must consent voluntarily to this test ('informed consent'). Your risk inventory and evaluation (RI&E) reveals the risks of alcohol consumption and drugs use.