This article is about starting a business abroad, while being based in the Netherlands. If you are looking to start a business in the Netherlands from abroad, please read this article instead.
Research the country where you want to establish your business
Starting a business abroad requires good preparation. No matter if you are starting a business just across the border or if you plan to do business in a developing country. Look for up-to-date country information to get a picture of the market, professional culture, the business climate, subsidies, and financing schemes. The Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) provides detailed country information in Dutch, and also in the NL exporteert app (in Dutch). The Support International Business (SIB) programme can also help you get started in a new market.
Check the local laws and regulations for starting a business
You may start a company or subsidiary in all member states of the European Economic Area (EEA). The conditions vary from country to country. Do you want to establish a company in a country outside the EEA? Then the possibilities for business establishment are sometimes limited. For example: you may only be able to set up a company with a local partner. Business Partner Support Op Maat (in Dutch) helps you find that local partner.
Investment rules per country
Check out the investment rules (in Dutch) for the country of your choice, and read more about business structures and the laws and regulations for investing. Countries that want to attract foreign investors often have an investment promotion agency. They will help you with procedures and provide information on:
- special investment measures
- business locations
- economic zones with interesting advantages
Choose a business structure
When you start a company abroad, you need to choose a business structure. In the EU, you can establish a business with any Dutch business structure. If you have a business already, and you wish to expand into another EU country, you can also opt for the European Public Limited Company (Societas Europaea, SE).
Register your business with the local authorities
Almost all countries have a register for businesses. A government agency usually manages such a register. It differs per country how long it takes to register your company. The registration fee also differs. Our network of embassies and consulates abroad helps you find the right contacts in a country.
Check the tax consequences
When doing business abroad, you will usually deal with special rules for Dutch corporate income tax or regular income tax, plus taxes in the country you wish to set up a business. And sometimes withholding tax, which is often withheld if you receive interest, royalties, or dividends from another country. The Netherlands has tax treaties with many countries. This prevents you from paying tax on your income or assets more than once.
Payroll tax and social security
Are your Dutch employees going to work for you abroad? Then check the 'Werken over de grens' section in the Tax Administration’s Payroll Tax Handbook (in Dutch). You can also contact the Tax Information Line for Non-resident Tax Issues.
Consider your diplomas and other qualifications
Foreign authorities can ask for your Dutch diplomas if you want to start a business. This depends on the sector in which you are active. By legalising your diplomas, you demonstrate that the diplomas are legally recognised in the Netherlands.
Arrange the necessary permits and visas
You often need a business permit to start a business or carry out work in another EU country. You must meet certain requirements to get it. A declaration of registration is required if a Dutch employee works in an EU member state for more than 3 months. Outside the EU, a residence permit and a work permit are required. You also need a visa for some countries.
Problems with the government in another EU country?
Are you running into problems because a government body is applying the European rules incorrectly? Then you can ask for help from the SOLVIT Centre Netherlands.
Look into the options for financial support
The Dutch government can help you with financing and subsidies for international business. For example, the Dutch Trade and Investment Fund (DTIF) offers loans and guarantees if you are having trouble getting your finances sorted. The Tool for financing and insurances for international business (in Dutch) also helps you discover if you are eligible for international financing or export insurance from the government. And for entrepreneurs who want to expand their activities to emerging markets or developing countries, there is the Dutch Good Growth Fund (DGGF). You can view all options in the Subsidies Guide (in Dutch).
Important: ICSR requirement for subsidies and financing
For subsidies and financing schemes, it is a government requirement that you follow the rules for International Corporate Social Responsibility (ICSR). You must be able to indicate the social impact of your foreign activity.
- Compare 190 countries via the World Bank’s Starting a business and Ease of doing business scores
- Read about laws and regulations for investing in the Economist Intelligence Unit country reports
- Make use of the Points of Single Contact in EU countries
- Read the Practical guide to doing business in the EU
- Investigate the payment system and currency risks
- Check out the Taxes in Europe Database
- Contact the Cross-Border Employment and Enterprise team (GWO) of the Tax Administration for questions about tax levies in the Netherlands, Belgium, or Germany