Why must you register?
You must register because digital currencies are used by criminals to launder money, and to finance terrorism. When you register, you come under the supervision of DNB. DNB monitors if you abide by the legislation to combat money laundering. It is your responsibility to check transactions for unusual activities, and to perform a background check of your customers. DNB oversees how you do this. For instance, by researching your company.
Become a crypto broker: registration is mandatory
The registration requirement applies to all brokers (intermediaries) in the Netherlands who exchange legal tender into crypto coins and vice versa. Legal tender is currencies such as the Euro and US dollar, for instance. The registration obligation also applies to providers of digital custodial wallets. Foreign cryptobrokers that want to enter the market in the Netherlands must also register. A registration also builds trust with customers and suppliers.
How do you prepare your registration application?
To register, you must file the following information with DNB:
- General company information, including articles of association (in Dutch) and KVK extract.
- Foreign companies must include a certified copy of the notarial deed that contains the company’s articles of association. Also provide an extract from the Business Register from the country of incorporation. These documents must be in English.
- A company plan, outlining the strategy, an overview of the activities and a SWOT analysis
- Composition of the board, including organisational and control structure
- Delineation of the business operations and management, including rules and regulations, audit, notification procedure, secondment, training, and education
- Description of business operations
- A file per board member, demonstrating their fitness and propriety
Applying for the registration
When you apply for registration, DNB will also perform an integrity supervision of your company board. You have to submit a separate application for this. There are 2 steps to take:
Step 1: Apply for registration
You apply for registration through the DLT (Digital Supervision Portal) by filling out the complete application form and uploading your company information file. You need eHerkenning to apply via the DLT. Make sure you have it, and make sure you have the correct level eHerkenning.
No authorisation, no application
Your eHerkenning provider must authorise you to use the ‘Applying for supervision’ service. You cannot apply without it.
Step 2: Request a fit and proper assessment
You file the information on your board members’ fitness and propriety separately, also through the DLT. You use the form ‘Initial assessment crypto service providers’ for this, via the Digital Supervision Portal. Find more information on this process on the DNB website.
How long does the registration procedure take?
If you have submitted a correct and complete application, DNB will register you within 2 months after receiving your application. DNB also assesses whether or not you meet the legal demands. If the information submitted is incomplete, the supervisor will not process your registration until you have submitted a complete application. You will be notified of this.
Costs for the registration application
To register, you pay a one-time fee. Should you admit new board members after your registration, you will have to pay DNB for their fit and proper assessments. You will also need to apply for a new fit and proper assessment if the tasks or role of a board member change.
Are you registered? Then you will pay an annual fee for DNB's ongoing supervision. See all costs for review and supervision on DNB.nl.