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You are moving to the Netherlands to start a business, and you want to bring your car with you, either as a business vehicle, or privately owned with some use for business purposes. First, you will need to register your vehicle with the RDW (Dutch Vehicle Authority) and the Tax and Customs Administration. Then you need to know the rules for using it.
Moving from within or outside an EU / EFTA country?
If you move to the Netherlands and take your car with you as a so-called moving article, you can keep your registration plates for 6 months. After that, you have to apply for Dutch vehicle registration at the RDW (Dutch Vehicle Authority). When importing a newly-bought vehicle from outside the EU, you will have to pay customs duty. The rules when requesting vehicle registration for a vehicle from inside an EU or European Free Trade Association country are different from those when requesting registration for a vehicle from outside the EU or EFTA member states. For example, the vehicle testing process for cars from a non-EU/EFTA country are more stringent.
Obligations that come with a Dutch registrationIf you have a vehicle registered to your name in the Netherlands, you need to meet certain obligations for that vehicle. They involve:
- From the moment the vehicle is registered in your name, the vehicle must have third party insurance (according to the Dutch Motor Insurance Liability Act (Dutch WAM)). Exception: trailers up to and including 3,500 kg have insurance based on the towing vehicle.
- The vehicle needs to have approved periodic motor vehicle test (APK). This does not apply to motorcycles, mopeds, and trailers/caravans up to and including 3,500 kg.
- You need to pay private vehicle and motorcycle tax (bpm). This applies to passenger cars, vans, trucks, and motorcycles.
- You will need to pay motor vehicle tax (aka road tax, motorrijtuigenbelasting or wegenbelasting in Dutch).
- Your vehicle needs to carry correct registration plates.
Private or company car?When you use a car for business purposes, it is not automatically a company car. If you register in the Netherlands as a sole proprietor or a cooperative, you cannot register your car as a company car. It is important that you find out into which category your car falls, as this affects your income tax and VAT.
- If your personal use of the car exceeds 500 kilometres per year, you can opt to let it remain your private property.
- If your personal use of the car is less than 500 kilometres per year, then for income tax purposes you own a company car. Different rules apply.