How do you start a business in the Netherlands? Which Dutch taxes do I have to pay? This page offers the replies and links to these, and other frequently asked questions.
Business.gov.nl is the EU Point of Single Contact (PSC) website for foreign entrepreneurs who want to start a business in, or do business with the Netherlands. Business.gov.nl is the official Dutch government website for general information about doing business in the Netherlands: laws, rules, regulations, subsidies, and more. For specific information, e.g. procedures and applications, we connect you to our partners. Together we offer a single unified answer from the Dutch public sector about doing business in the Netherlands. The website aims to inform EU entrepreneurs, but also entrepreneurs from other countries. We have produced a short animated video that explains what Business.gov.nl can do for you.
Every business needs to choose a business structure upon registration. It is not possible to register as a freelancer or zzp-er, as these are not legal business structures – sole proprietorship is the most obvious choice, but private limited company is also an option. You can also opt to start a cooperative together with a group of other zzp’ers; that way, you’ll have the protection of a legal entity, with the benefits of a sole proprietorship. Be aware that the cooperative will have to pay corporate tax over profits made. You register your company at the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce KVK. The KVK will pass on your details to the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration. Within two weeks you will receive your VAT identification number from the Tax and Customs Administration by post.
On our website we provide general and sector-specific checklists for entrepreneurs who want to start a business in the Netherlands. You can also watch our webinar Starting a business in the Netherlands in which we answer questions like:
- When do I need a visa or permit, and how can I get one?
- What do I need to start a business in the Netherlands?
- How do I register my business at the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce?
- What taxes do I have to pay in the Netherlands?
There are many organisations and institutions that help entrepreneurs grow their business in the Netherlands. For example, the Chamber of Commerce provides expert advice and support to businesses. As an innovative startup, you can also get advice from mentors or coaches. If you want information about financing your business, you can watch our webinar Financing your business in the Netherlands, in which we discuss topics such as:
- The Dutch financial climate - What is the Dutch financial sector / climate like, and how does it work?
- Preparing to apply for Dutch funding - How do I prepare my funding application?
- Financing options in the Netherlands - What are the options for funding in the Netherlands?
- The perfect pitch - How do I present the perfect pitch?
If you want to come to the Netherlands as an entrepreneur or self-employed professional, you need to make sure you have the correct permits and/or visa and that you meet all of the conditions. On this page you can find more information on the rules and regulations that may be applicable to your situation.
Not all external websites and documents that we link to on BGOV are (fully) translated into English. And although we try to provide information in English that is up-to-date and accessible to all our visitors, we cannot translate everything ourselves. Contact the organisation that has published the information for help. Alternatively, you can try using an online translation tool or translation software.
On our page Paying taxes in the Netherlands you can find general information on Dutch business taxes that you may have to deal with when running a business in the Netherlands. You can find more detailed information in our Business tax issues section.
- find an employer in the Netherlands who is a recognised sponsor;
- fulfil a minimum income requirement;
- agree upon a salary that is in line with market conditions.
Every business in the Netherlands has either a VAT number or a VAT ID plus a VAT number. If your Dutch customer has given you his company's VAT number, you can check it in the Commercial Register on the website of the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce.
The easiest option is to ask the company what their VAT number is. There is no reason why they shouldn't give it to you, unless they don't have one. If you cannot ask the company what their VAT number is, you can order an extract from the Dutch Commercial Register, but this costs money.
The Netherlands Chamber of Commerce KVK manages the Commercial Register (Handelsregister), in which you can look up a company's details. To search the Commercial Register, fill in the name of the business you're looking for in the frame underneath 'Zoeken' that says 'Zoek op bedrijf, KVK-nummer of trefwoord', and press enter. All entries of companies bearing the name you entered will appear.
You can also order several products from the Commercial Register, such as extracts and financial statements. Go to the website of the KVK to find and order several products.
The page The coronavirus - FAQ for entrepreneurs offers many questions and answers on the way in which the Dutch government helps entrepreneurs cope with the corona crisis.
On our Contact page you can find a list of organisations that you can contact in case you have any further questions. If you have any comments or questions about our website, you can send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. We do not reply to any business inquiries or questions regarding business advice or procedures.