There are various occupational risks (in Dutch) involved in diving. Divers work under excess pressure, and in hazardous locations (cold water and ship traffic). They also do heavy work and come into contact witch chemical substances or polluted water.
Reporting diving and caisson work
If your company wants to carry out diving or caisson work, you must report this to the Netherlands Labour Authority (Nederlandse Arbeidsinspectie, NLA, in Dutch) if the work:
- takes place at a depth of more than 9 meters
- takes place with a current flowing faster than 0.5 meters per second
- is expected to involve decompression
- will be carried out using breathing gas other than air
- lasts over a week
- is for underground extractive industry or mineral extraction involving drilling
You must report at least 5 working days before the work starts. You also include a copy of the work plan with your report. You can use the same online form (in Dutch) for reporting both caisson work and diving activities. You need authorisation to use the form. If you do not yet have authorisation you can apply for it online (in Dutch).
Do you perform diving activities for mining, wind farms. or mineral extraction? You must report these activities to the State Supervision of Mines (Staatstoezicht op de Mijnen, SodM).
Certification and safety measures
- dive team leader
- medical diving supervisor/diving medical attendant
- diving physician
Most certificates are valid for 4 years, except for the Medical Diving Supervisor certificate which is valid for 2 years. You have to renew your certificate after this period. You have to prove you have continuous professional experience to be eligible for renewal. The Foundation Working under Hyberbaric Conditions (SOWD) keeps a public register of certificate holders (in Dutch).
A spare diver and a team leader must be present at all times when diving work is carried out. The divers, spare diver, and team leader must all hold the relevant work certificates. In addition, someone must be present who holds a 'Medical Supervision of Diving' certificate. All certificates must be kept at the work location. Every diver must keep a diver’s log.
When doing caisson work, you must keep a valid 'Diving and Caisson Equipment Maintenance System' certificate at the work location. A certified diving physician must examine your employees annually in a work-related medical examination.
Are you the employer? Then you must describe the risks for the diving work your company does in the risk inventory and evaluation (RI&E). You also draw up a working instruction with safety measures and emergency procedures at the workplace. You provide your staff with information on how to work as safely as possible. You must also check if your staff keep to the rules.
Diving equipment and maintenance
Your staff can only work with equipment and tools that are in good working order. You must also be able to prove that you maintain the equipment properly. You have to keep maintenance records for this purpose.
Do you hire a diver who has their own diving equipment and protective gear? As the employer you must check that the equipment properly protects when diving.
Working hours and rest times
Specific rules for the working hours of divers are described in the Working Hours Act (pdf, page 19).
For divers, dive team leaders, diving physicians, and diver medical attendants from abroad who want to work in the Netherlands the same requirements apply as for Dutch workers. This applies to temporary or occasional work as well as for permanent jobs.
You can have your certificate assessed and approved by a certifying body:
For civilian dive work
For fire services dive work
For defence dive work