In the Netherlands it is not allowed to perform physical interventions on animals that will cause parts of the animal body to be removed or damaged, except for several permitted interventions.
Interventions such as ear tagging of cattle, pigs, sheep and goats and dehorning of dairy goats, cattle and sheep are permitted, as well as animal sterilisation and interventions prescribed by a veterinarian. The following specialists are allowed to perform interventions:
- Paraveterinary workers: veterinarian assistants, animal physiotherapists, embryo transfer technicians.
- In some cases: individuals who are performing a paid service, such as ear tag operators (animal identification).
- In some cases: cattle keepers.