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Foreign freelancers/self-employed professionals who want to do assignments in the Netherlands and businesses in the Netherlands that want to subcontract work to a foreign freelancer/self-employed professional, must comply with the Act on the Employment of Aliens (Wet arbeid vreemdelingen, Wav). This Act contains various rules with regard to foreign freelancer/self-employed professionals working in the Netherlands.
Freelancers/self-employed professionals from EU, EEA or Switzerland
If you come from within the EU or the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland, you do not require a work permit (tewerkstellingsvergunning, TWV) to be allowed to work as a freelancer/self-employed professional in the Netherlands. You do, however, have to demonstrate that you are truly self-employed. Self-employed means for instance you are in control over certain aspects of the services you provide. This can be verified by the Social Affairs and Employment Inspectorate (Inspectie SZW). Self-employed professionals coming to the Netherlands temporarily for work should also be reported to the online portal for posted workers.
Freelancers/self-employed professionals from outside EU, EEA and Switzerland
Freelancers/self-employed professionals from outside an EU, EEA member country and Switzerland do not require a work permit if they are truly self-employed. They do, however, need a residence permit allowing residence for a self-employed professional (pdf) or a residence permit including the endorsement 'Work is freely permitted' (Arbeid is vrij toegestaan).
Residency rights of British citizens after Brexit
The UK has left the European Union. This means that as of 1 January 2021 the UK is considered a third country. If you are a British citizen or you employ British citizens, find out how British residency rights have changed. For the latest information, check the Immigration and Naturalisation Service Brexit page and the questions and answers on Brexit from the Dutch government.