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Reusing and recycling textile (UPV)

This information is provided by:RijkswaterstaatRijkswaterstaatNetherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVKNetherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVKNederlandse versie

In the Netherlands, there are rules for reusing and recycling textiles. If you are a producer of clothing and household textiles, this is your responsibility. For example, you need to arrange a collection system.

Arrangement for reusing and recycling

Are you a producer (for example importer) of clothing and household textiles in the Netherlands? Then your business has to comply with the rules for reusing and recycling textiles that have come into effect on 1 July 2023. For example, you must collect textile waste. Also, you must register with the government. You must ensure that textiles can be prepared for reuse and recycle from 2025 onward.

What do you need to tell the government?

  • First, you must register with the water authority (in Dutch). You must give information about your business. You also need to state how much textile you want to sell. And what type of textile. Finally, you have to explain how you will comply with the rules.
  • As of 2024, you must register annually how much textile wares you have sold the previous year.
  • From 2026, you must declare whether you comply with the rules for reusing and recycling annually.

What is reusing and recycling?

Reusing means that textiles are used again for the same type of product. You must ensure that textile waste is prepared for this. A waste processing company can take care of this. That company has to check, clean and repair textile waste. It ensures that there is no need for other treatment when reusing the textile.

Recycling means waste is used again for products or materials. With fibre-to-fibre recycling fibres are made from textile waste. That is used for new textile.

How much reusing and recycling?

From 2025, the percentage of textiles that have to be reused and recycled will increase each year. In 2025 these amounts are the rule:

  • At least 50% of the textile that is sold is prepared for reuse or recycle.
  • At least 20% of the textile that is sold is prepared for reuse specifically.
  • At least 10% of the textile sold is reused in the Netherlands.
  • At least 25% of the recycled textile is fibre-to-fibre recycled.

Who has to comply?

The rules are for entrepreneurs who first offer a new textile product on the Dutch market. For example, when you sell new clothing. Or new bed linen. It does not matter whether you sell to businesses or consumers.

Do you sell only second-hand textile? Then the UPV rules do not apply to you.

Do you sell textiles in the Netherlands, but is your company not located there? Then you must appoint an authorised representative in the Netherlands.

Which types of textile are subject to the rules?

The UPV textile includes:

  • onsumer clothing
  • business clothing
  • bed linen
  • table linen
  • housekeeping linen, such as towels and kitchen towels

The rules do not include other textile products such as shoes, belts, head gear, bedspreads, curtains, and cleaning cloths.

Together with other producers

You can choose to work together with other producers to comply with these rules. Industry associations Modint and INretail have founded a producers’ organisation which you can join.

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