Business clients: use the 0% VAT rate
If you deliver goods to a business client in another EU country, you can use the 0% VAT rate. Your customer does not pay Dutch VAT, but calculates the local VAT themselves and pays this in their own country. This is the case when:
- your customer has a valid VAT number;
- you arrange the transport. If the client picks up the goods, always ask for a transport document. That way, you can prove the goods were actually transported to another EU country.
Customers who do not file a VAT return: calculating VAT
Do you export goods within the EU to customers who do not file a VAT return? For example, private individuals, entrepreneurs who supply exempted goods or services, and legal persons who are not entrepreneurs. If so, you usually need to charge the VAT of the EU country where your customer is located.
Maximum revenue of €10,000
Do you expect that your total revenue from distance sales and digital services to private individuals within the EU will not exceed €10,000 in 1 calendar year? Then you can choose 1 of the following 2 possibilities for declaring VAT:
- You charge and pay Dutch VAT. Do you exceed €10,000 after all? Then from that moment on, you charge the VAT of your customer's EU country. You also file your VAT return in that country. The following year you will also have to calculate foreign VAT. Even if your revenue remains less than €10,000 that year.
- Would you rather calculate the foreign VAT for the EU country you deliver to? For example, because the VAT rate is lower. You must report this to the Tax and Customs Administration using the form Melding omzetbelasting – Keuze plaats van prestatie digitale diensten en afstandsverkopen (in Dutch). You will then also file your VAT return in that country.
Filing VAT returns in different EU countries (OSS)
Do you deliver goods to one or more EU countries? And is your annual revenue more than €10,000? You can then make use of the Union scheme. This allows you to arrange your VAT returns within the EU in the one-stop shop (OSS) for each quarter. You no longer have to do this separately in each EU country.
Supplying goods abroad tool
Do you want to check what you must do with VAT in your situation? You can use the Tax and Customs Administration's tool Ik lever goederen naar het buitenland ('I supply goods abroad', in Dutch).
Check the product requirements
Products must be safe to use before they are launched on the market. That is why you should check the EU product requirements for your product. If your product meets the European requirements, you are free to export it to every EU member state.
There are exceptions. For instance, for goods that pose a risk for the health of people and animals or for public safety. The EU Product Contact Points (PCP) offer information on this with the relevant organisations in other EU countries.
Check the local legislation
Many countries demand that you provide product information in the country’s language(s). That applies to packaging and labels, but also to user manuals. Sometimes, a technical adaptation must be made to the product. For instance, a change in the type of power plug. Some countries have rules to reduce the amount of packaging waste.
Find out what the rules and regulations (in Dutch) in your chosen destination country are on rvo.nl.
Tips for selling inside the EU
- Attend events or trade missions.
- Find subsidies for international business (RVO).
- Use the tool Regelhulp financiering en verzekeringen voor internationaal ondernemen for financing and insurances for international business on Regelhulpenvoorbedrijven.nl.
- Check out the Practical guide to doing business in Europe (European Commission).
- Read the KVK article Intra-EU exports in practice.
Statistics: export of goods
Total export value of goods to EU countries