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Are you a court bailiff? Then you play an important part in our justice system. Your duties are described in the Bailiffs Act (Gerechtsdeurwaarderswet) and you must fulfil several requirements.
Becoming a court bailiff
If you want to become a court bailiff, among others you must have:
- the Dutch nationality, the nationality of an EEA country or the Swiss nationality. Note that your command of the Dutch language must be sufficient to perform your duties
- completed an acknowledged apprentice bailiff education programme (in Dutch)
- at least 2 years working experience as a deputy bailiff. This includes your 1 year internship period
- an approved business plan (in Dutch)
- a Certificate of good conduct
Appointment as a court bailiff
If you want to be appointed as a court bailiff you can file a request with the Ministry of Justice and Security (in Dutch). You will have to supply among others proof of your education, business plan and certificate of good conduct. The procedure regarding the application takes 4 months.
Taking the oath
Once you have been appointed as a court bailiff, you must take the oath before the court in the district where you are located (in Dutch), within 2 months. Deputy court bailiffs that have been appointed for the first time must take the oath as soon as possible after their appointment.
As a court bailiff you may perform duties such as seizure of property or wages. These are described as legal duties in the Bailiffs Act (in Dutch). You may only perform these duties if you are registered with the Royal Professional Organization of Judicial Officers (Koninklijke Beroepsorganisatie van Gerechtsdeurwaarders, KBvG). All court bailiffs in the Netherlands are members of the KBvG and can be found through their website.
Code of conduct
Court bailiffs should comply with rules for conduct and professional rules for judicial officers. These standards for quality are determined by the KBvG and established in a regulation (in Dutch). These rules concern for instance:
- providing information
- handling of complaints
- human resources policy
An independent auditor will check compliance with the quality standards every 2 years.
All (apprentice/deputy) bailiffs must follow refresher training to keep their knowledge up to date (permanent education, PE, in Dutch). For every training a number of points is rewarded. Make sure you receive the specified number of points every 2 years.
As a bailiff, you are obliged to keep records of your activities, your business assets and your private assets. The Financial Supervision Office (Bureau Financieel Toezicht, BFT) oversees your financial administration for compliance.
The Privacy Code of Conduct (Privacygedragscode, in Dutch) indicates the manner in which you are allowed to collect information. It also stipulates how this privacy-sensitive information may be used.