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In the Netherlands, a Certificate of good conduct (Verklaring omtrent het gedrag, VOG) indicates that the recipient did not commit any criminal offences. For some jobs, like teaching, childminding or driving a taxi, a VOG is compulsory. In other cases, employers are free to decide whether they want to ask their employee for a VOG. There is a VOG for legal entities as well.
VOG application procedure
Employees can obtain a VOG from their local municipality. Companies can also apply for a VOG online (in Dutch), using eRecognition. To do so, they will need an security level 1 eIdentifier token. They prepare the application for their employee, who then logs in with their own DigiD to complete it. Self-employed professionals may authorise their client to apply for a VOG on their behalf.
If the applicant is not registered in the Municipal Personal Records Database, they can submit the application form the Central Agency for Certificates of Good Conduct (COVOG) of the judiciary service Justis (Ministry of Justice and Security).
A request for a VOG may be denied if the applicant has received a relevant criminal conviction in a specific time frame prior to the application. This denial could either be based on police data about the applicant or based on data registered in the Dutch Judicial Documentation System (JDS).
VOG for childcare workers
Owners, employees and office personnel working in the childcare sector must have a VOG. Persons of 18 years of age or older who are living with a host parent, must also have a VOG. Trainees, temporary employees, volunteers and parents working in your establishment must request a new VOG every 2 years. If a trainee or temporary employee changes trainee posts or working locations, the existing VOG will suffice. This does not apply to volunteers; they must request a new one.
Application forms VOG childcare
There are 2 application forms for VOGs for childcare:
- Application form for VOG for individual owner of childcare centre (in Dutch)
- Application form for VOG for individual childcare worker (in Dutch)
A copy of the VOG must be retained in your (personnel) files. These certificates must be presented during GGD inspections.
Childcare workers are screened for criminal offences on a continuous basis. The supervisory body will notify you in the event of a criminal offence. Your employee will then have to apply for a new VOG. Failure to obtain this new certificate is grounds for dismissal. Continuous screening also applies to trainees, temporary personnel, volunteers and parents working in your establishment.
Online application procedure via Message Box
If you require a VOG for a procedure that is subject to the Services Act, you can also request this document online via Message Box. Message Box is a secure email system that enables you to exchange messages with Dutch government agencies.