Certificate of conduct for individuals (VOG NP)

Published by:
Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO
Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO
Checked 8 Mar 2024
4 min read
Nederlandse versie

Companies offering certain services in the Netherlands need to make sure their employees have a certificate of conduct (VOG). Find out when a VOG is necessary.

Find out more or arrange now

at your municipality, province, or water authority

In the Netherlands, a Certificate of conduct (Verklaring omtrent het gedrag, VOG) indicates that the recipient has not committed any criminal offences. You can apply for a VOG digitally.

For some jobs a VOG is compulsary, such as teaching, childminding, or driving a taxi. In other cases, employers are free to decide if they want to ask their employee for a VOG. There is also a VOG for legal entities, to demonstrate the integrity of an organisation and/or its directors.

Who needs a VOG?

A certificate of conduct for individuals (VOG NP) is legally required for some professions, for example:

It is also mandatory for employees and volunteers who work:

  • with confidential information (such as doctors or lawyers)
  • with vulnerable people (for instance in care institutions)
  • with money or valuable goods (such as accountants or mortgage advisors)
  • for the government

In all other instances the collective labour agreement (CAO) in your company or sector, determines if you ask an employee or volunteer for a VOG.

VOG application procedure

Employees and self-employed professionals (zzp'ers) who are registered in the Municipal Personal Records Database (BRP) can apply for a VOG through their municipality. They need to complete the VOG application form and submit it to the municipal authority.

Companies can also apply for a VOG online (in Dutch) using eHerkenning level 2 or higher. Companies prepare the application for their employee, who then receives an email and completes the application with their DigiD. Freelancers/self-employed professionals may authorise their client to apply for a VOG on their behalf.

If the applicant is not registered in the Municipal Personal Records Database, they can submit the application form to the Central Agency for Certificates of Good Conduct (COVOG) of the judiciary service Justis (Ministry of Justice and Security).

Free VOG for volunteers Scheme

Is the VOG for a volunteer working with vulnerable people or minors (in Dutch)? Then the VOG application is free of charge if you register your organisation with the Free VOG Scheme (in Dutch). You need to meet the conditions (in Dutch). Your organisation must, for instance, have an active and sound integrity and prevention policy. You cannot use this scheme for volunteers who need a VOG as a result of another legal requirement.

VOG for childcare workers

Owners, employees, and office personnel working in the childcare sector must have a VOG. Persons 18 years of age or older who share accommodation with a registered childminder, must also apply for a VOG. Trainees, temporary employees, volunteers, and parents working in your establishment must request a new VOG every 2 years. If a trainee or temporary employee changes trainee posts or working locations, their existing VOG will suffice. This does not apply to volunteers; they must request a new one.

There are two screening profiles available for persons active in the childcare sector: Screening profile 84 (caring for minors) or 86 (working in the childcare sector).

Application forms VOG childcare

There are different application forms for VOGs for childcare:

A copy of the VOG must be kept in your (personnel) files and the member of staff must register in the register for persons active in the childcare sector. These certificates and registration records must be presented during GGD inspections.

Continuous screening

Childcare workers are screened for criminal offences on a continuous basis. The supervisory body will notify you in the event of a criminal offence. Your employee will then have to apply for a new VOG. Failure to obtain this new certificate is grounds for dismissal. Continuous screening also applies to trainees, temporary personnel, volunteers, and parents working in your establishment.

VOG police data (VOG-politiegegevens)

The VOG-politiegegevens (VOG P, in Dutch) is required for very specific sensitive positions that require a high degree of integrity. It concerns for instance positions:

  • with the authority to use violence
  • with access to sensitive information regarding public order, safety, and maintaining legal order
  • with involvement in integrity assessments by public administrations

Checking a VOG

You should check if a VOG is genuine. You can use the official validation tool to check if a digital VOG is genuine (in Dutch).

For a paper version of a VOG you can only check if a VOG is genuine (in Dutch) if you have the original document. You can check the document for the following characteristics:

  • the paper has a grid and features the blue government logo
  • the paper features a watermark
  • in UV light the paper remains dark and the graphic mark on the lower right is luminous
  • in UV light, on a VOG NP you can see a luminous rectangle surrounding the blue N-number
  • you can see a hologram in the paper

VOG denial

A request for a VOG may be denied if the applicant has received a relevant criminal conviction in a specific timeframe prior to the application. This denial can be based on police data about the applicant registered in the Dutch Judicial Documentation System (JDS). For the VOG P police data that are not registered in the JDS can also be a reason to deny the application. Justis will assess the police data that are available for the applicant. You can contact Justis to express your view or object to the decision.

Online application procedure via Message Box

If you require a VOG for a procedure that is subject to the Services Act, you can also request this document online via Message Box. Message Box is a secure email system that enables you to exchange messages with Dutch government agencies.

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