The entrepreneur allowance (ondernemersaftrek) is an amount that you deduct from your profit. Then you pay less tax. The allowance consists of several parts:
• Private business ownership allowance
Do you meet the conditions for the private business ownership allowance (zelfstandigenaftrek)? In that case, you may deduct an amount from your profit in your income tax return. The Private business ownership allowance is an important deduction for entrepreneurs.
• Deduction for research and development work (WBSO)
Do you spend time and money on research and development yourself? Then you may be able to reduce costs with the WBSO. You will then receive the tax deduction for research and development work via your income tax return. Do you have staff? Then WBSO reimburses part of the wage costs and expenses.
- Working partners’ abatement
Does your tax partner work 525 hours per year or more in your company? And do you pay them less than €5,000 or nothing at all? In that case, you may be entitled to Working partner's abatement.
- Discontinuation relief and tax-free annuity
Are you closing your business? And does that give you an advantage (discontinuation profit)? In that case, you may be eligible for a discontinuation relief (stakingsaftrek). You then pay less tax on your discontinuation profit. Sometimes you can use part of the discontinuation profit to pay annuity premiums. You will then receive a tax-free annuity (stakingslijfrenteaftrek).
SME profit exemption
The SME profit exemption reduces your profit. As a result, you pay less tax. If your company suffers a loss, the SME profit exemption reduces your tax loss. In that case, the SME profit exemption can have a negative impact on your company.
Deducting business expenses and writing off business assets
You can deduct some business expenses from your income tax return. And you can write off certain business assets. Your profit will then be lower; you will pay less tax.
Small projects investment credit
Do you invest in business assets such as a computer or office furniture? Then you may be eligible for the small projects investment credit (KIA). The amount you may deduct depends on the amount invested in the financial year. View the KIA table with percentages (in Dutch) on Belastingdienst.nl.
There are various startup schemes for starting entrepreneurs:
• Tax relief for new companies
The tax relief for new companies (startersaftrek) is an increase of the private business ownership allowance (zelfstandigenaftrek). Are you a starting entrepreneur and do you meet the conditions? Then you may deduct an additional amount in your income tax return. There is also a tax relief for new companies in case of occupational disability (in Dutch).
• Discretionary depreciation for starting entrepreneurs
As a starter, you can determine how and when you depreciate business assets. You use the discretionary depreciation (willekeurige afschrijving, in Dutch). This way, you can keep taxes low in your first business years. Conditions apply.
Environmental investment schemes
Do you invest in environmentally friendly assets? Then you may be able to use the following schemes:
• Energy Investment Allowance (EIA)
Do you invest in energy-saving techniques or business assets? You may be able to use the Energy Investment Allowance (Energie-investeringsaftrek, EIA).
- Environmental Investment Allowance (MIA)
Do you invest in environmentally friendly assets? Then you may be eligible for an environmental investment allowance (Milieu-investeringsaftrek, MIA).
- Random depreciation of environmental investments (Vamil)
Do you invest in environmentally friendly business resources? Then you may be able to use the Random depreciation of environmental investments scheme (Willekeurige afschrijving voor milieu-investeringen, VAMIL). This way, you can keep the tax you pay low in a given year.
Tax reserves (in Dutch) are amounts that you set aside. You reserve them for a later moment. You may deduct these from your profit. This way, you postpone paying tax on those amounts until a later date. There are 2 main tax reserves:
• Reinvestment reserve
If you sell a business asset, you may add the book profit to a reinvestment reserve (in Dutch). You use the reserved profit to buy a new asset.
• Equalisation reserve
With the equalisation reserve (in Dutch) you set aside amounts for expected high costs in the coming years. This concerns, for example, major maintenance of your business premises.