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In the Netherlands, anyone who registers with the municipality they live in, automatically receives a citizen service number (burgerservicenummer, BSN). Non-residents who stay up to 4 months can register with the Non-residents Records Database (Registratie Niet Ingezetenen, RNI) and will then receive a BSN number as well. You can use the BSN to identify yourself to government agencies, health care providers and educational institutions.
Citizen service number employees
If you hire a new employee, you must record their Dutch citizen service number in your payroll accounts. If they are foreign and their stay does not exceed 4 months, they will be given a citizen service number after registration with the Non-residents Records Database (Registratie Niet Ingezetenen, RNI). They can register with RNI at one of the 19 dedicated municipalities. If your foreign employee's stay exceeds a 4 months period, they must register with their municipality. They may have to apply for a residence permit and/or a work permit as well.
You cannot apply for a BSN number for someone else. Your employee must register with the municipality they (will) live in themselves. They will then automatically receive a citizen service number (BSN) from the Netherlands.
Citizen service number for healthcare, childcare and rented homes
For the childcare allowance, childcare organisations are required to ask for the parents' BSN and that of their child. Health insurance companies and landlords also need this information for healthcare and rent allowance purposes. The BSN is included in the patient/client data exchanged by healthcare providers, assessment bodies and health insurance companies.