The Public Health Act determines how certain professional groups must act after discovering or suspecting certain infectious diseases. Doctors, laboratories, or institutions in the Netherlands must notify the Municipal Health Service (GGD) in their region if certain infectious diseases are discovered.
The infectious diseases (in Dutch) that must be reported include, but are not limited to:
- COVID-19 (corona virus)
- typhoid fever
- hepatitis A, B and C
- legionnaire’s disease
This notification must be made to the infectious disease physician of your region's Municipal Health Service (GGD, in Dutch) within a specified period, depending on the type of disease and the degree of risk to public health. Failing to report is a punishable offence. Medical confidentiality does not apply to this duty to report. You must notify, even if the laboratory already reported.
Measures to prevent spreading of infectious diseases
The mayor or chairman of the safety region may impose extra measures to prevent further spreading of a disease.
Possible measures include:
- compulsory isolation at home or in a hospital
- enforced quarantine
- prohibition of professional practice
Independent entrepreneurs and employees
If employees or independent entrepreneurs contract an infectious disease that they are obliged to notify, they can also be prohibited to carry out their profession or work. The mayor or chairman of the safety region may impose this prohibition.
Captains aircraft and ships
Captains of aircraft or ships must be able to prove the health condition on board at the request of the mayor or chairman of the safety region. For this purpose the captain submits the health part of the general certificate for aircraft or a maritime health certificate.
Operators ports and airports
The mayor or chairman of the safety region can, for example, oblige operators of a civic port or civic airport to:
- inform passengers about taking measures that prevent infectious diseases or infection of luggage;
- examine departing or arriving travellers with regard to possible infectious diseases that may be dangerous for public health.
The mayor or chairman of the safety region can, for example, oblige transport operators to:
- check aircraft or ships and the present goods for a possible infection;
- disinfect aircraft or ships and the present goods.