On this page
The Public Health Act procides rules on how certain professional groups must act after discovering or suspecting certain infectious diseases. The mayor or chairman of the safety region can take extra measures at places where many persons come together, such as offices, factories, ports and airports.
Doctors or heads of laboratories in the Netherlands are obliged to notify the Municipal Health Service (GGD) in their region if certain infectious diseases (in Dutch) are discovered. This notification must be made within a specified period, depending on the type of disease and the degree of risk to public health. The diseases concerned include, but are not limited to:
- COVID-19 (corona virus)
- typhoid fever
- hepatitis A, B and C
- legionnaire’s disease
Measures to prevent spreading of infectious diseases
The mayor or chairman of the safety region may impose extra measures to prevent further spreading of a disease. Those measures apply to spaces where a lot of people gather, such as offices, factories, harbours and airports.
Possible measures include
- compulsory isolation at home or in a hospital
- enforced quarantine
- prohibition of professional practice
Independent entrepreneurs and employees
If employees or independent entrepreneurs contract an infectious disease that they are obliged to notify, they may be prohibited to carry out their profession or work. The mayor or chairman of the safety region may impose this prohibition.
Captains aircraft and ships
Captains of aircraft or ships must be able to prove the health condition on board at the request of the mayor or chairman of the safety region. For this purpose the captain submits the health part of the general certificate for aircraft or a maritime health certificate.
Operators ports and airports
The mayor or chairman of the safety region can oblige operators of a civic port or civic airport to do the following, for example:
- inform passengers about taking measures that prevent infectious diseases or infection of luggage;
- examine departing or arriving travellers with regard to possible infectious diseases that may be very dangerous for public health.
The mayor or chairman of the safety region can oblige transport operators to do the following, for example:
- check aircraft or ships and the present goods for a possible infection;
- disinfect aircraft or ships and the present goods.