Verifying or filing identity documents

This information is provided by

Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO

If you have a business in the Netherlands and employ staff, you must verify the identityExternal link of all workers on the basis of an original identity document. This applies to any Dutch or foreign workers, and interns you employ. If you hire temporary workers through an intermediary or they work for you through a contractor or subcontractor, you must nevertheless verify their identity.

In some sectors, such as in the healthcare and hotel sector the identity of patients or customers also needs to be verified in the medical records or visitor register.

Valid proof of identification

You must ensure that your employees can always produce valid proof of identity when at workExternal link. If the Inspectorate SZW (Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment) asks you to establish one of your employees' identity, you must send them a copy of their identity document within 48 hours.

Valid identity documentsExternal link are a Dutch passport or identity card, an aliens document, driving licence or moped driving licence (category AM). However driving licences are not a valid identity documents for the purpose of verifying a person’s identity at the start of the working relationship as it offers no indication of nationality and residency status.

Security features on proof of identity

There are a number of security featuresExternal link on an identity card or passport including a watermark, a tactile relief and the document number.

Filing your employee’s proof of identity

You are obliged to keep a copy of the identity document in your records. You must retain this copy for 5 calendar years after the termination of the working relationship, period of employment or activities. When the validity of an identity document has expired, it is not necessary to keep a copy of a new identity document in your records.

Records when hiring through contracting or secondment

To be able to show the identity of a contracted employee, you must keep a record of their data. This includes their name and address, date of birth, citizen service number (BSN), nationality, type and number of their identity document and the name and address of their intermediary. It is not necessary to keep a copy of their identity document in your records if they are from within the EEA (European Economic Area) or from Switzerland. In all other cases you must keep a copy of their identity document.

Payroll tax liability

If you hire (temporary) workers through an intermediary or a (sub)contractor and you apply the anonymity rate (anoniementarief) for payroll tax purposes, the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration may mitigate your liability for the payment of payroll tax by the intermediary or (sub)contractor. For this your records must clearly show the identity of your worker or workers and their individual wages and you must be able to prove that they have a valid residence or work permit.

Using someone else’s identity document

Employees are not allowed to use someone else’s travel document, for example their passport to prove their identity. This also applies to using someone else’s driving licence or company access pass.

This information is provided by

Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO