Running a business from home

Published by:
Netherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVK
Netherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVK
Statistics Netherlands, CBS
Statistics Netherlands, CBS

In the Netherlands, you can start a business from your home. Before you start, take into account the regulations of your municipality. For example, prevent disturbances for your neighbours. Also check if your mortgage or rental agreement states that you are allowed to run a business from home. Sometimes costs for a home business are tax deductible. And you might need extra insurance.

Check the regulations with your municipality

You can usually start a business from home if you practice a regulated profession. Examples of regulated professions are architect, attorney, general practitioner, artist, and accountant. The regulations for starting a business from home differ per municipality. But in general, the rules are:

Your house must remain a home. In most municipalities, this means that:

  • You can use no more than 1/3 of your house for your business
  • Your business must not cause your neighbours any inconvenience
  • You cannot advertise on the building
  • Your business is an office

Your plans must fit with the environment plan:

Address shielded in Dutch Business Register

As of 1 January 2022, the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVK shields the residential address in the Dutch Business Register from owners of sole proprietorships, partners of general partnerships, limited partnerships, professional partnerships, and directors of owner associations. The shielded residential addresses can only be viewed by government organisations such as the Tax Administration, or professional groups that are authorised to do so, such as lawyers and bailiffs. But if your company is located at your home address, this address will remain visible, as the business address is public. Read more about the shielding of addresses.

Building extra room

If you own the property and you have the space, you could build an extra room in your house to use it for your business. Check if the environment plan of your municipality permits it. For example, you may be allowed to build an extension to your home, but only for private use. Or only build on a maximum number of square metres of the land. The additional room you create can increase the value of your home. Keep in mind that an increased WOZ value affects the property tax (OZB) and the income tax. You benefit from this increased value when you sell the house. You must notify the Tax Administration whether the new construction is private or belongs to your company. If you use more than 90% of the space for work purposes, you are required to declare this as a business asset. Before you start building an extra room, check with your municipality if you need a building permit.

Do not bother the neighbours

In most municipalities, one of the conditions for a business from home is that your business must not cause your neighbours any inconvenience. For example, should your business involve receiving and the collection of packages, it will probably cause a lot of extra traffic. If that is the case, your business might not be suited for a residential area.

Taxes for home businesses

For VAT purposes, your home business can use the same input tax deductions as any other small business. The same conditions apply. For income tax purposes, there are several extra regulations to follow.

Your workspace and income tax

You can make use of the same deductions and fiscal regulations for income taxes as any other small business. The layout of your workspace will affect your tax return. Take the following factors into consideration:

  • Is your business space separate from your living space? Does it have a separate entrance and separate toilet facilities? And could you let it to a third party? If this is the case, you may be able to deduct some of the costs of the business part of your home.
  • Are you starting your business in a building that you own? Then state on the first income tax return whether it concerns a private property or a business property.
  • Do you live in a house that is part of your business assets? Then you must add an amount to the profit for the private use: the rental value (woningforfait).
  • If you use the house for business purposes only and you own it, you will have to add the value of the house to your company assets. On the other hand, you can deduct several costs (energy, cleaning, decorating, etc.) from your company earnings.
  • Do you rent a property for your company and do you live there? In that case, you must add an amount to the profit as a private withdrawal (the 'living pleasure'). That amount is a percentage of the WOZ value.

See the Belastingdienst article business premises: privately owned or company assets (in Dutch) for more information.

Work from your garage

Some large companies started in a garage. This may inspire you to do the same.

Your garage is considered part of your house, so the conditions mentioned above apply. But as a garage is separate from your living space, chances are you can deduct some taxes. For this reason, you may consider using your garage for business purposes, rather than the spare bedroom.

Do you own or rent the house?

Do you own the house and have you taken out a mortgage to finance it? Then you need to take into account the provisions of the mortgage contract. If you are renting the property, you should take into account the provisions of the tenancy agreement.

Extra insurance

You may need to take out separate business insurance policies for business assets and workspaces. Your household insurance and home insurance are for your private belongings and the building itself. They do not cover damage to business assets and workspaces. If something happens to your home, you may need to rent temporary workspace. That comes with additional costs involved. Consider an inventory insurance, goods insurance, and business interruption insurance. Many insurers allow you to combine various casualty insurance policies, insuring you for multiple damages at once. Check with your insurance company which insurances you need.

Number of self-employed professionals with a home business

The graph shows the number of self-employed professionals with a home business. This includes working inside, from and nearby home.

Questions relating to this article?

Please contact the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVK