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Exports to many countries outside the EU require an origin document stating the country from which the product originates. Normally, a Certificate of Origin (CvO) is used. You should use a EUR.1 document or EUR-MED document for countries with which the European Union has concluded trade agreements. These documents entitle you to a reduction of import duty or in some cases even an exemption.
Corona crisis: Digital certificate temporarily allowed
As a result of the corona crisis problems may arise in supplying of certificates of origin. Where normally you should supply an original certificate, you may now supply a digital version to customs. A paper copy of the certificate is also allowed. This temporary measure applies to: EUR.1 and EUR-MED movement certificates and FORM A and A.TR certificates of origin.
Applying for a Certificate of Origin
The Customs papers required differ per product and per country to which you want to export. As a general rule, products must be accompanied by a commercial invoice and a transport document. The EU’s Access2Markets Database shows the documents required for a large number of countries for individual products and the levies such as import duty, excise duty and VAT.