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Supplying gas or electricity to low-volume users

This information is provided by

Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO

Do you want to supply gas or electricity to low-volume users in the Netherlands? You need a licence from the Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets.

Are you planning to supply gas or electricity to low-volume users? You have to comply with the rules as laid out in the Electricity Act and the Gas Act. You may need to apply for a licence or work with a supplier who has a licence.

Low-volume users

The term 'low-volume users' includes both private and commercial customers who have:

  • an electricity connection of maximum 3 x 80A (ampere)
  • a gas connection with a maximum capacity of 40 m3(n) an hour

Energy licence

You are only allowed to supply low-volume users if:

  • you have a licence. You can apply for this licence (in Dutch) to the Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) if you meet their requirements (in Dutch, Welke eisen en regels gelden er voor een vergunning?)
  • you work with a supplier who has a permit. In this case, you are a reseller (in Dutch)

You do not need a permit (in Dutch):

  • if you are a buyer and you supply energy via your connection to other buyers in the same porperty
  • if you are the main buyer for a group of business customers you represent (multisite provision). For instance if you own a depertment store and you conclude a framework contract for all your branches
  • if you fulfil a public task
  • in case of non-business supply. For example if you have a CHP plant on your farm and you nsupply other companies on your premises throughj this plant

Reporting changes

Do you have an energy licence? You should report any changes to the ACM (in Dutch). This can include a change in your terms and conditions or rates or a change within the company.

Registering with EDSN

Once you have applied for a licence, you should register with the Netherlands Energy Data Services (Energie Data Services Nederland, EDSN). This way, you will get access to customer files (central customer register) in he energy market. You have to protect your customers' digital data.


Your rates should be the sum of supply rates, network costs and energy taxes. The costs for network management and taxes are fixed. You can decide on the supply rates (in Dutch) yourself. However, your rates should be reasonable. If they are exorbitant, the ACM may prescribe a maximum rate.


You should always offer your customers a model contract (in Dutch). That means an open-ended contract with non-fixed rates. You may also offer them a fixed rate for 1 year. The contract needs to contain some standard information, for example:

  • the duration of the contract
  • what will be supplied: gas, electricity or both
  • the type of gas/electricity that will be supplied
  • rates: fixed or variable
  • complaints procedure
  • terms and conditions around ending the contract

Are you a reseller? Then you should provide the contract between the energy provider and your customer. You have to respect the rules: you need to state clearly that the customer enters into a contract with the provider, not with you. You should explain what your role as reseller entails.

Cancellation fees

Have you agreed on a fixed-term contract with a customer and ddo they want to cancel it before it ends? You may charge a cancellation fee (in Dutch).

Cutting off gas or electricity supply

Energy companies may only cut off the gas and electricity supply (in Dutch) to low-volume users if they do this in accordance with the Regulation on disconnecting electricity and gas supply for low-volume users. You must for instance send at least 1 written reminder.

Cancelling a permit

Do you want to end your gas or electricity service? You can apply for a cancellation of your permit to the ACM (in Dutch). You should send an email to, you will then receive information about the rest of the procedure.

In some cases, the ACM may decide to revoke your permit (in Dutch). For example if you do not respect the rules or if your company has gone bankrupt. You are, however, still obliged to supply energy to your customers if this happens.

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This information is provided by

Netherlands Enterprise Agency, RVO
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