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Livestock farms in the Netherlands may not emit more than a limited amount of ammonia. By building their stables away from the immediate vicinity of trees or plants, they can prevent damage by ammonia emissions that do occur.
Stable systems ammonia emission standards
Each stable system has its own ammonia and fine particles emissions standard. The Low Emission Housing Decree (Besluit emissiearme huisvesting) describes the permitted amount of these emissions per type of animal. Your housing system for dairy cattle, calves, pigs, chickens, turkeys and ducks must at least comply with these maximum emission standards or even have lower emissions. This not only applies to new animal housing systems, but also to large extensions of existing stable systems (more than 50%).
In addition, there can be standards for the total ammonia emissions per company. These are specified in your All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects or in the general rules of the Activities Decree (Activiteitenbesluit). If you have a permit under the Nature Conservancy Act (vergunning natuurbeschermingswet), these standards could be mentioned in this permit as well.
If your stable system is not on the list, please submit a request for inclusion to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (Infrastructuur en Waterstaat) via the Netherlands Enterprise Agency. You could also apply for a special emission factor for that system.
Scheme for discontinuation
Low emissions have been compulsory for stables at medium-sized livestock farms since 1 January 2010. If you want to discontinue your business, due to the stringent emission standards and requirements for stables, you can use the Cessation Scheme (Stoppersregeling). Please contact InfoMil Knowledge Centre for more information.
Odour emission rules
Your livestock farm must meet with the rules regarding odour emissions. Which rules apply to you depends on the following:
- The location of your business.
- The types and amounts of livestock you own.
- The type of stables.
- The presence of a manure basin.