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If you produce cars in the Netherlands, you must comply with the Directive on Managing Scrap Cars (Besluit beheer autowrakken/Bbaw). This also applies if you import cars into the Netherlands. The directive contains measures that must be taken in order to reduce waste and increase rates of recycling of auto parts and auto materials.
In accordance with the directive, you are responsible for managing the cars, including the waste phase (producer responsibility). You must inform Rijkswaterstaat by email or by post (address Rijkswaterstaat, Afdeling Leefomgeving Afval en Circulair (LOAC), Postbus 2232, 3500 GE Utrecht) about the acceptance and processing of scrap vehicles within 13 weeks of commencing activities. Within 8 weeks, you will receive a decision from the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management on whether you are allowed to accept and process scrap vehicles. This decision is valid for 5 years. If this decision is positive, you must also provide Rijkswaterstaat with an annual report of the results from the previous year every year by 1 August. The annual report can be drawn up with other producers and importers.
Extended producer responsibility
Recycling and waste management are priority topics for the EU, and the coming years will see a shift towards extended producer responsibility and recycling of waste. You can find more information on these ambitions on the Rijkswaterstaat Environment website.
Importer or manufacturer of cars
As an importer or manufacturer of cars you must:
- code certain materials
- issue dismantling information
- refer to dismantling and collection information in advertising material
- refrain from using certain heavy metals
As a manufacturer you must take preventive measures during design and production to avoid waste that is difficult to process wherever possible.
Recycling contribution for cars
If you sell a new car, you will usually have to pay a recycling contribution to Auto Recycling Nederland (ARN). ARN then pays out premiums to scrapping firms for dismantling cars and reusing materials.
Disassembling car wrecks is subject to the environmental rules of the Activities Decree. For this, you require an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects with a limited environmental impact assessment (Omgevingsvergunning beperkte milieutoets, OBM). You must notify the municipal authority of your commercial activities and any changes that may occur therein, using the (Dutch-language) Activities Decree Internet Module (AIM). In order to disassemble discarded trucks or company cars weighing more than 3,500 kg, you require an environmental permit.
If you disassemble vehicles, you must often register as the transporter or collector of waste with the National and International Road Transport Organisation (NIWO).
Registration of car dismantling
If you want to dismantle vehicles from your company stock in the Netherlands, you must cancel the Dutch registration for these vehicles. If you report this to the Netherlands Vehicle Authority (RDW) through their (Dutch-language) Online Registration of Automobile Dismantling (Online Registratie Autodemontage, ORAD) system, the cancellation will take immediate effect. To be able to do so, you will need an acknowledgement of vehicles in company stock from RDW and you must be able to register company stock vehicles online.