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If you produce cars in the Netherlands, you must comply with the Directive on Managing Scrap Cars (Besluit beheer autowrakken/Bbaw). This also applies if you import cars into the Netherlands. The directive contains measures that must be taken in order to reduce waste and increase rates of recycling of auto parts and auto materials.
In accordance with the directive, you are responsible for managing the cars, including the waste phase (producer responsibility). You must inform the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate (ILT) as to how you are going to comply with these obligations. Furthermore, you must produce a report every year. This can be drawn up with other producers and importers.
As an importer or manufacturer of cars you must:
- code certain materials
- issue dismantling information
- refer to dismantling and collection information in advertising material
- refrain from using certain heavy metals
As a manufacturer you must take preventive measures during design and production to avoid waste that is difficult to process wherever possible.
Recycling contribution for cars
If you sell a new car, you will usually have to pay a recycling contribution to Auto Recycling Nederland (ARN). ARN then pays out premiums to scrapping firms for dismantling cars and reusing materials.
Disassembling car wrecks is subject to the environmental rules of the Activities Decree. For this, you require an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects with a limited environmental impact assessment (Omgevingsvergunning beperkte milieutoets, OBM). You must notify the municipal authority of your commercial activities and any changes that may occur therein, using the (Dutch-language) Activities Decree Internet Module (AIM). In order to disassemble discarded trucks or company cars weighing more than 3,500 kg, you require an environmental permit.
If you disassemble vehicles, you must often register as the transporter or collector of waste with the National and International Road Transport Organisation (NIWO).
Registration of car dismantling
If you want to dismantle vehicles from your company stock in the Netherlands, you must cancel the Dutch registration for these vehicles. If you report this to the Netherlands Vehicle Authority (RDW) through their (Dutch-language) Online Registration of Automobile Dismantling (Online Registratie Autodemontage, ORAD) system, the cancellation will take immediate effect. To be able to do so, you will need an acknowledgement of vehicles in company stock from RDW and you must be able to register company stock vehicles online.