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If you want to export or import waste, or transport it through an EU Member State, you must observe the European Waste Shipment Regulation (EWSR, or in Dutch, EVOA). The EWSR also applies if you want to transfer waste materials to other parts of the world, bring waste to the EU or transport it through the EU from other parts of the world.
Procedures for waste transport
The procedure you have to comply with depends on:
- the country of origin and the destination country
- the transport route
- the way in which the waste is to be processed (removal or recycling)
- the type of waste (is it on the green or orange list?)
You can also use the Regelhulp Afvaltransport (in Dutch) to find out which rules apply to you.
Waste shipments from the UK after Brexit
Waste shipments from the UK are considered to be from outside the EU. The UK government explains which notification controls apply to your waste shipment.
Notification of waste transport
Before you transport waste across the border, you must conclude a contract with the recipient of the waste. For some types of waste, you also need permission from the countries you travel through. You can find more information about the types of waste that require notification in Article 3 of the EVOA.
You must notify the country in which the transport starts, if it starts in the Netherlands, you should contact the Human Environment and Transport Inspectorate (Inspectie Leefomgeving en Transport, ILT). If the notification is correct and complete, ILT will inform the other countries involved in your transport. Only if you have received permission for the transport from all relevant authorities, you may transport the waste. Whether permission is given depends on the purpose (removal or recycling) and national waste management schemes.
You can use the Digital Notification Advisor (DNA, in Dutch) tool to generate a notification document in Dutch, English or German. To use the tool, you need a notification code. You can get one by sending an email to DNAemail@example.com.
For each transport, you must submit 3 transport notifications to all relevant authorities:
- An issue notification.
- A receipt notification.
- A certificate of waste material processing.
You can notify the Dutch authorities through ILT.
Waste disposal charge
If your company dumps or burns refuse from abroad, you will have to pay a waste disposal charge. Around 25% of refuse processed in the Netherlands comes from outside the country. This tax has been introduced as a result of the Urgenda court ruling. The charge is the same as for waste originating in the Netherlands.