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If you want to export or import waste, or to transport it through an EU Member State, you must observe the European Waste Shipment Regulation (EWSR, or in Dutch, EVOA). The EWSR also applies if you want to transfer waste materials to other parts of the world, bring waste to the EU or transport it through the EU from other parts of the world. The procedure you have to comply with depends on:
- the country of origin and the destination country;
- the transport route;
- the way in which the waste is to be processed (removal or recycling);
- the type of waste (is it on the green or orange list?).
Notification of waste transport
Before you transport waste across the border, you must conclude a contract with the recipient of the waste. For some types of waste, you must notify the Human Environemnt and Transport Inspectorate (Inspectie Leefomgeving en Transport, ILT). If the notification is correct and complete, ILT will send it to the competent authorities abroad. If you have received permission for the transport from all relevant authorities, you may transport the waste. Whether permission is given depends on the purpose (removal or recycling) and national waste management schemes.
For each transport, you must submit 3 transport notifications to all relevant authorities:
- An issue notification.
- A receipt notification.
- A certificate of waste material processing.
You can notify the Dutch authorities through ILT.
Waste disposal charge
If your company dumps or burns refuse from abroad, you will have to pay a waste disposal charge. Around 25% of refuse processed in the Netherlands comes from outside the country. Up to 1 January 2020, processing this waste was not taxed. This tax has been introduced as a result of the Urgenda court ruling. The charge is the same as for waste originating in the Netherlands.