How to start a business in the Netherlands - a checklist

This information is provided by

Netherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVK | Statistics Netherlands, CBS

How do you set up a business in the Netherlands? You must register your company at the KVK, and register for Dutch taxes. Use this checklist to find out more.

Do you want to set up a business in the Netherlands? There are various government and other rules to follow. Use this checklist to find out what the procedure is for starting a company in the Netherlands. This checklist is a general guideline. Depending on your situation, you may need to take other steps as well.

Please be sure to consult the sector-specific information for your business sector for additional requirements and information. Or consult one of the sector-specific checklists on this website. Also, we have listed the most important rules and regulations for self-employed professionals (zzp’ers), student entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs under the age of 18.

1. Check whether you fulfil the conditions for staying in the Netherlands

Entrepreneurs who intend to stay in the Netherlands must fulfil a number of conditions (see Coming to the Netherlands). If you are not an EU citizen, you will usually need to apply for a temporary (MVV) and permanent residence permit. Perhaps you are an innovative startup - in that case, you may have a startup visa.

If you plan to start doing business in the Netherlands, you will also need to have or apply for a business bank account (IBAN). The Nederlandse Vereniging van Banken (Dutch Banking Association) has created a Quick Scan to help you find out if you are eligible. Read how it works.

2. Write a business plan

You don't have to write a business plan when stting up your own company, but it helps. In a business plan, you outline your plans: think about company formation and the legal business structure you want to choose; what are you going to sell or produce, who will be your clients, how will you find financing? Is there a demand for your product or service on the Dutch market? These are all matters you need to have thought about before you begin, if you want to have a chance of succeeding. To find out more about different ways of financing your business, watch our webinar 'Financing your businessin the Netherlands'.

3. Different starting points

You may be starting your company as an innovative startup, from an unemployment benefit, a job, or as a student or minor. Find out what specific conditions apply to your situation.

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4. Select a legal business structure (rechtsvorm)

Owners of a new company must first select a legal business structure like sole proprietor (eenmanszaak) or private limited company (bv). The legal structure determines such issues as liability and tax obligations.

5. Select a trade name for your company

Setting up your own business also means choosing a trade name (company name). You must have one to register your company in the Commercial Register (Handelsregister) at the KVK.

6. Register with the Dutch Commercial Register and Dutch Tax Administration

New businesses must register with the Dutch Commercial Register at the Netherlands Chamber of Commerce (KVK). The KVK will pass on your details to the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration (Belastingdienst), who will issue you with a VAT identification number, to use for correspondence and invoices to your customers, and a VAT number, to use for your dealings with the Tax Administration. You will receive these numbers from the Tax and Customs Administration by post. Private limited companies and public limited companies have to register via a civil-law notary, who will take care of the registration at the Dutch Tax Administration on your behalf. If you do business in the Netherlands, but your company is not permanently established in the Netherlands, you may only need to register with the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.

7. Register as an employer for payroll taxes and social security

If you intend to hire staff, you will first need to register as an employer with the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration.

8. Check whether you need professional qualifications

You do not usually need a separate qualification to set up a business in the Netherlands. However, certain professions do require professional qualifications.

9. Consult the zoning plan for your business location

If you plan to establish your business at a particular location, this choice of location must be in line with the municipal zoning plan (bestemmingsplan). If this is not the case, you can apply for an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects (Omgevingsvergunning) to carry out your plans anyway. You can also ask the municipality to change the zoning plan.

10. Be aware of Dutch environmental regulations

If your business operations will have an impact on the environment, you must submit a notification of environmental management to your local municipality. Sometimes you must also apply for an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects (Omgevingsvergunning).

11. Take fire safety measures for your business premises

If your business is located in a building or other property, you have to take measures to ensure fire safety. In most cases you must submit a notification of occupancy to your local municipality. If your business runs a higher fire risk, you must also apply for an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects (Omgevingsvergunning).

12. Report a home business

If you plan to run a business from your home, you are normally obliged to report this plan to your local municipality. You must also bear in mind various tax and mortgage issues.

13. Apply for an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects for building activities

If you want to build, make alterations to or renovate your business premises, you will normally need an All-in-one Permit for Physical Aspects (Omgevingsvergunning). You can obtain this permit from your local municipality.

14. Describe your business’s general terms and conditions

General terms and conditions clarify your and your customers’ rights and duties. You are not required to draw them up, but they are useful to have. Make your customers aware of your general terms and conditions.

15. Create your business accounts

As you often incur expenses before the official launch of your business, make certain to create your business accounts as soon as possible. In the Netherlands, you are legally obliged to maintain accounts and to retain them for seven years.

16. Check whether you need insurance

If you live in the Netherlands or earn income here, you are obliged to take out health insurance. You are also obliged to pay Dutch national insurance contributions. Additionally, there are several ways to insure your business’s assets in the event of legal liability or any other any other risk you can’t afford to cover.

17. Personal data processing

The processing and storage of personal data is regulated by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (Algemene Verordening Gegevensbescherming, AVG). Read our GDPR step-by-step guide.

18. Support from Dutch government organisations

Several Dutch government organisations support you when starting your own business:

  • The Netherlands Chamber of CommerceExternal link (KVK) provides information on creating a business plan and carrying out market research as well as other issues. They will provide you with the addresses and telephone numbers of all local offices.
  • You will find information about, for example, the investment climate in the Netherlands, the sectors that offer the most opportunities and the possibilities of finding local business partners on the NL PlatformExternal link website.
  • The Dutch Tax and Customs AdministrationExternal link offers you information about which taxes you have to pay and how to keep your accounts up to date. It is possible that you are entitled to special schemes.
  • The business coaches of Qredits Microfinanciering NederlandExternal link give you advice and assist you in starting up your business. They help you write your business plan.
  • Statistics NetherlandsExternal link (Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, CBS) offers statistical information about districts where you can establish your business. CBS has collected sector-specific information that could be interesting for you as an entrepreneur.

Statistics: enterprise births

Number of enterprise births.

This information is provided by

Netherlands Chamber of Commerce, KVK
Statistics Netherlands, CBS